SCA Review

SCA Review Questions 1-17

  1. The earliest Native Americans crossed land bridge called __________
    1. Beringia
  2. What discovery turned nomads into farmers?
    1. Maize
  3. England, France, and the Netherlands hoped to discover a _________
    1. northwest passage to Asia
  4. The rules used to govern the first Pilgrim colony were called the ______
    1. Mayflower Compact
  5. The Magna Carta was a precedent for American governmental documents because it _________
    1. Abolished the monarchy
  6. How did the Middle Passage affect population patterns in colonial America?
    1. It supplied a large labor force to work in the southern plantations
  7. In which way did the Mayflower Compact contribute to the growth of representative government?
    1. It was an early example of self-government
  8. In what way is the United States Constitution and the Mayflower Compact parts of an American tradition?
    1. Both established a democratic form of government
  9. Why were the colonists upset with England when Parliament raised colonial taxes?
    1. Colonists believed was not respecting their right to be represented in government
  10. What made the south better suited than the Northeast for growing cotton and rice on plantations?
    1. It enjoyed a warmer climate
  11. What country was the main source of Protestant settlers in the early United States?
    1. England
  12. Why was New Amsterdam settled?
    1. To be a center of trade
  13. Why did the French settle Quebec during the 1600s?
    1. To be a thriving center for the fur trade
  14. What geographical feature slowed westward expansion in the early nineteenth century?
    1. Appalachian Mountains
  15. What are two natural resources that a farmer needs to grow crops?
    1. Rain and land
  16. Which was the MOST important reason people left New England to move to the Midwest in the early nineteenth century?
    1. Superior soil for agriculture
  17. The Jamestown settlers saved their colony by planting _____
    1. tobacco


Economics SCA Questions

  1. Explain: what is the government’s primary objective regarding taxation?
    1. To meet their expenses, government need income, called "revenue," which it raises through taxes. In our country, governments levy several different types of taxes on individuals and businesses.
    2. Remember that taxes are not a bad thing—our government is a business and needs to make income to keep it going.A government that cannot make income is a bankrupt country. (This is the why of your answer)
  2. How does production determine levels of employment?
    1. An economy that increases production employs more workers (actual answer)
    2. This means that production is what and how many goods and services to make—so naturally, if you make more of something, you’ll need more help producing it. (the why of your answer)
  3. Explain how a country’s economic growth is calculated?
    1. By measuring the value of all finished goods and services
  4. How can government pay off the national debt?
    1. By spending less money and raising taxes
    2. Technically—if you spend less money and raise your income you can pay your bills
      1. Hence paying off debt—adults and your country does this—or should (the why of your answer)
  5. Why did the Northeast develop primarily as an industrial economy
    1. Remember that the Northeast developed more industrially because they couldn’t farm (they had bad climate and soil which only allowed them subsistence farming).They had to develop alternative ways to make money/income
  6. Which source would most accurately describe overall economic distribution in colonial America?
    1. Tax records for the city of Philadelphia
    2. This would be the correct answers because tax records would show what people spent their money on—or how much they made every year if it was a yearly income thing—adults still have to produce tax records in order to qualify for specific federal programs available to its citizens; i.e., welfare, WIC, TANF, etc.(the why of your answer)

      Mercantilism

  7. How did the establishment of colonies increase global trade during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?
    1. Mother countries used resources from their colonies (mainly England) to trade with other countries
    2. Remember that countries like England didn’t think of their colonies as “their own” identity—they used them to make money off of them and they existed to make money off of them (The why of your answer)
  8. How did mercantilism contribute to a global economy?
    1. Countries established colonies that they used for resources and as trading partners
    2. Remember that countries would the colonies less for their trade goods and turn around and make a massive profit from sales with other countries in order to increase wealth (the why of your answer)
  9. Which sentence BEST describes the role of mercantilism in the growth of transatlantic trade during the 1600s.
    1. England wanted to expand its wealth through exports to the colonies

      Economic Systems

  10. In a market economy, which social and economic goal has the GREATEST impact on what is produced, how it is produced, and who buys it?
    1. Freedom
  11. In which economic system are freedom, efficiency, growth, and stability balanced by government regulations?
    1. Mixed-government balanced meanwhile keeping a free market economy as well
  12. How do command and market economies differ in regard to property and resource ownership?
    1. They are owned by the government in a command economy; they are owned by individuals in a market economy
  13. In which economic system does the government primarily own the land?
    1. command
  14. In which economic system is government regulation the strongest?
    1. command
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